Common Knee
Conditions

Anterior Cruciate (ACL) injury

The ACL is one of the four main stabilising knee ligaments and resists forward movement of the tibia (shin bone) relative to the femur (thigh bone)….

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Anterior Knee Pain (AKP)

Is a generic term for any pain occurring in the front (anterior) part of the knee. It can be caused through a variety of pathologies…..

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Cartilage Injury

Is a condition whereby there is damage to the cartilage structures which act as shock absorbers for the knee joint….

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Cerebral Palsy (CP) Knee

Is a condition which affects posture, coordination and movement and is caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after birth (during early childhood)….

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Collateral (Ligament) Injury

There are two collateral ligaments, one on the inside and one on the outside of the knee which provide medio-lateral (side to side) stability. They are part of the four main stabilising ligaments of the knee….

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Knee Injury

Is an umberella term for any injury or trauma which affects the knee joint. The types of injury can vary greatly in severity and how they affect the knee….

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Leg Length Discrepancy

Is a condition in which one of the lower limbs is shorter than the other. This may be due to injury, developmental abnormality or degenerative changes….

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Is a condition whereby the protective sheath surrounding nerve fibres (myelin sheath) is damaged. It is the most common degenerative neurological condition which affects young adults….

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Osgood Shlatter’s Disease

Occurring usually in early teenagers, it is a disease which causes pain and swelling just below the knee….

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Osteoarthritis – Knee

Is a degenerative condition of the knee joint whereby the smooth articulating surfaces become roughened and worn…..

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Patella Maltracking

Is a condition whereby the patella (knee cap) does not run smoothly along its normal pathway when the knee is moved through flexion (bending) and extension (straightening)….

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Polio

Is a disease caused by a virus which can damage nerve cells involved in muscle function leading to paralysis….

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Posterior Cruciate (PCL) injury

The PCL is one of the four main stabilising ligaments of the knee and resists backwards movement of the tibia (shin bone) relative to the femur (thigh bone)….

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Quadriceps Weakness

Is a condition characterised by reduced strength of the major muscle group at the front of the thigh (the quadriceps group) and can affect knee stability….

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – Knee

Is a chronic (long term) inflammatory disease which primarily affects synovial joints (the most mobile joints in the body)….

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Runner Knee

Is a condition caused by an imbalance of the thigh muscles and is also referred to as Patella-femoral pain syndrome….

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Shin Splints

A condition characterised by pain at the front of the lower leg. Symptoms occur at the front inside of the shin bone and can arise from a number of causes….

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Spina Bifida

Is a condition whereby the nerves and bones of the spine do not develop correctly. The term literally means “split” or “open” spine….

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Stroke (CVA)

Is a condition involving a sudden neurological (nerve related) deficit or change which is caused by an interruption to blood flow to the brain….

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Valgus Knee/Varus Knee

Is a condition whereby the normal knee alignment (position) from the front, moves into a position of Valgus (knock knee) or Varus (bow leg)….

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