Common Foot & Ankle
Conditions

Bunion / Hallux Valgus

What is it?

Displacement (movement from its normal position) of the bones in the big toe (Hallux). The end (distal) bones move towards the smaller toes, and the closer bones (proximal) move in the opposite direction. This gives the appearance of a large bony growth on the side of the big toe. The cause is usually a biomechanical abnormality normally connected to over pronation of the foot. This prevents proper function of the big toe and, over time, results in the toe drifting across to the smaller toes creating the characteristic deformity. Poorly fitting shoes and high heels increase the likelihood of bunions forming.

Symptoms

Pain around the big toe joint and around the inside of the foot. Sometimes the second toe crosses over the top of the big toe creating blisters, and corns.

Treatments

Functional foot orthotics to realign foot biomechanics and reduce the deforming forces may assist.
Hallux-valgus night splint can provide a direct corrective force across the joint and stretch the medial (inner) soft tissues.