Common Foot & Ankle
Conditions

Achilles Tendinopathy

Is another term for Achilles Tendonitis. It is a frequent cause of pain at the back of the heel and in the calf and is characterised by degeneration of the Achilles Tendon….

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Achilles Tendonitis

Is an inflammatory condition of the thick tendon which attaches the calf muscle to the calcaneus (heel bone) which causes pain at the back of the heel….

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Ankle Injury

Is a general term for any trauma or damage which occurs to the ankle joint. The nature of the injury will cover a variety of problems….

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Ankle Sprain

Is an injury to the soft tissues of the ankle caused by a sudden excessive force applied to it. The most common cause is an inward or outward movement of the ankle….

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Bunion / Hallux Valgus

Is a condition affecting the joint at the base of the big toe in which it becomes deformed….

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Cerebral Palsy (CP) – Foot and Ankle

Is a condition which affects posture, coordination and movement and is caused by a brain injury before, during or after birth (during early childhood)….

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Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT)

Is a disease which affects the motor (dealing with movement) and sensory (dealing with the ability to feel) nerves in the arms and legs….

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Congenital Talipes Equino Varus – (CTEV)

Is a condition which affects the structural development of the feet as the baby develops in the womb….

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Diabetes

Is a disease which is characterised by high blood sugar levels. This can be due to a lack of insulin production or an inability to use the insulin produced effectively….

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Flat Foot

Is the more common term which is used to describe over pronation and describes a foot which rolls in excessively….

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Foot Drop

Is a condition characterised by an inability to actively pull the foot upwards, which can be particularly problematic as the leg swings through the air when walking….

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Foot Ulcers

An ulcer is an area of breakdown in the skin tissue which prevents it from performing its normal function. It is often related to increased pressures….

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Fractured Metatarsal

Is a break or crack in any one of the five metatarsal bones of the foot. It can have various causes….

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Hallux Rigidus

Is a condition affecting the joint at the base of the big toe in which it becomes stiffened and unable to move….

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Heel Spur

Is a small bony outgrowth under the base of the calcaneus (heel bone) which can make walking painful….

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Leg Length Discrepancy

Is a condition in which one of the lower limbs is shorter than the other. This may be due to injury, developmental abnormality or degenerative changes….

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Metatarsalgia

Is a condition which is usually characterised by a burning sensation in the ball of the foot in the area of the metatarsal heads….

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Morton’s Neuroma

Is a painful condition affecting the base of the toes (usually 3rd and 4th). The associated pain is usually sharp and severe….

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Motor Neurone Disease (MND) – Ankle

Is a progressive degenerative disease which attacks nerve cells which deal with movement (motor neurones) leading to weakness of muscles….

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Is a condition whereby the protective sheath surrounding nerve fibres (myelin sheath) is damaged. It is the most common degenerative neurological condition which affects young adults….

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Osteoarthritis – Ankle

Is a degenerative condition of the joints whereby the smooth articulating surfaces become roughened and worn….

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Osteoarthritis – Foot

Is a degenerative condition of the joints of the foot whereby the smooth articulating surfaces become roughened and worn….

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Over Pronation

Is a condition where the feet roll inwards excessively. This can cause various symptoms in the legs and back pain….

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Over Supination

Is a condition where the foot rolls outwards excessively and tends to be quite stiff and immobile….

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Pes Cavus

Is a foot type with a very high arch which does not flatten in weight bearing….

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Plantar Callous

Is an area of hard skin which develops on the underside of the foot and can be caused by various factors….

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Plantar Fasciitis

Is a common inflammatory condition of the sheet of connective tissue which runs underneath the foot (the plantar fascia)….

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Polio

Is a disease caused by a virus which can damage nerve cells involved in muscle function leading to paralysis….

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – Ankle

Is a chronic (long term) inflammatory disease which primarily affects the synovial joints (the most mobile joints in the body)….

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – Foot

Is a chronic (long term) inflammatory disease which primarily affects the synovial joints (the most mobile joints in the body) of the foot….

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Sesamoiditis

Is an inflammatory condition of the two small bones (sesamoid bones) located underneath the great toe near its base….

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Severs Disease

Is a condition which causes pain where the achilles tendon attaches to the back of the calcaneus (heel bone) and is most common in active children….

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Shin Splits

A condition characterised by pain at the front of the lower leg. Symptoms occur at the front inside of the shin bone and can arise from a number of causes….

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Spina Bifida

Is a condition whereby the nerves and bones of the spine do not develop correctly. The term literally means “split” or “open” spine….

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Tibialis Posterior Tendon Dysfunction

Is a condition caused by changes in the tendon of the tibialis posterior muscle which impairs its ability to support the medial (inner) arch of the foot and results in flattening of the foot…

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Toe Deformities

Is any condition of the toes which causes disruption to or deviation from the normal alignment or position of the toe joints….

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